Military History |
First Carlist War
Sources for the First Carlist War
Posted 21 Feb 2001
An annotated bibliography for the First Carlist War
This outfit does a range of 15 mm figures for the First Carlist War. They also have some resources and a set of rules - all in Spanish.
Guinnea Hobbies [Spanish]
Some more photos of the War Modelling figures. This crowd also advertise a set of rules for the war - in Spanish.
These chaps do 28 mm Carlist figures. Figures are ex Helion and before that ex Valiant. Very nice they are too.
Some interesting maps.
General Espatero [Spanish]
A short biography of one of the key Cristino generals.
This is one source I used for the heraldic parts of my Flags.
This is one source I used for the heraldic parts of my Flags.
Evolution of Flags in Spain [Spanish]
A short article by Luis Sorando.
Books and Journals
Alcalá, C (2006). 1a Guerra Carlista [Guerros y Batallas 31]. Madrid: Almena. [Spanish]
Covers the 1835 siege of Bilbao and the 1837 Royal Expedition.
Cairns, C. (1994a, October). A Savage and Romantic War: Spain 1833-1840. Part I: The Course of the First Carlist War. Wargames Illustrated, 85, 26- 32.
The first of a truly excellent set of articles. There were six in the series:
Cairns, C. (1994b, November). A Savage and Romantic War: Spain 1833-1840. Part II: The Cristino forces. Wargames Illustrated, 86, 36-46.
Cairns, C. (1995a, February). A Savage and Romantic War: Spain 1833-1840. Part 3a: The Carlist Army of the North (Infantry). Wargames Illustrated, 89, 20-25.
Cairns, C. (1995b, March). A Savage and Romantic War: Spain 1833-1840. Part 3b: The Carlist Army of the North (Cavalry, Artillery, etc). Wargames Illustrated, 90, 32-37.
Cairns, C. (1995c, September). A Savage and Romantic War: Spain 1833-1840. Part 4: The Carlist Army of the Centre. Wargames Illustrated, 96, 42-47.
Cairns, C. (1995d, December). A Savage and Romantic War: Spain 1833-1840. Part 5: The Battle of Oriamendi. Wargames Illustrated, 99, 24-30.
Chant, R. H. (1983). Spanish Tiger: The Life and Times of Ramón Cabrera. New York: Midas.
Good biography of the Carlist General of the Centre.
Duncan, F. (1997). The English in Spain: The story of the War of Succession between 1834 and 1840 (Vols. 1-6). UK: Pallas Armata. (Original work published 1877.)
Francis Duncan was a Major in the British Royal Artillery and collected the recollections of various of his peers. Lots of interesting bits.
El Mercenario. (2007, Jan-Feb). Uniforms of the Carlist Wars (I): Carlist Infantry . Wargames: Soldiers and Strategy, 19, 50-56.
Field, C. (1995, Sept). Some account of the British operations against the Carlists, 1836-1837. Tonbridge, UK: Pallas Armata. Reprinted from the Journal of the Royal United Service Institution LXII:446, May 1917, p209-223.
Haythornwaite, P. & Chappell, M. (1976). World Uniforms and Battles 1815-50. Hippocrene Books: NY.
Henningsen. C. F. (1836). The most striking events of a twelvemonth's campaign with Zumalacarregui, in Navarre and the Basque provinces.
Holt, E. (1967). The Carlist Wars in Spain. London: Putnam.
A nice overview of the various conflicts. Not many specifics about particular battles. Unsurprisingly the focus is the First Carlist War, however later conflicts are also covered. Holt emphasises the role of British Legion in the first war - possibly a bit much. Although the sequence of events is usually clear it is vague on specific dates making it hard to build a timeline from his information.
Kannik, P. (1968). Military Uniforms in Colour. London: Blandford.
Notario, I. (2006, Nov-Dec). The Origins of the First Carlist War. Wargames: Soldiers and Strategy, 18, 24-29.
Notario, I. (2007a, Jan-Feb). The Royal Expedition: Historical Introduction. Wargames: Soldiers and Strategy, 19, 24-41.
Notario, I. (2007b, Jan-Feb). Rule Adaptations for the First Carlist War. Wargames: Soldiers and Strategy, 19, 42-43.
Notario, I. (2007c, Jan-Feb). The Battle of Chiva, 15 July 1837: Scenario for Age of Eagles. Wargames: Soldiers and Strategy, 19, 44-45.
Parsons, P. (1996, Nov). The British Auxiliary Legion of the First Carlist War (The First Legion 1835-37). Wargames Illustrated, 110, 18-19.
Ryan, T., & Parham, B. (1986). The Colonial New Zealand Wars. Grantham House: New Zealand.
This provides details of British Campaign dress in 1845, which I have presumed also applied during the previous decade.
Saiz, Bernabe (1999). Carlist Wars. Author.
Somerville, A. (1995, Aug). History of the British Legion and War in Spain. Tonbridge, UK: Pallas Armata. Reprinted from the edition published by James Pattie, 1839.
Fab 10 volume set from Pallas Armata. Somerville was a non-com in the 8th regiment of the British Auxiliary Legion during the First Carlist War. He had a literary bent, and this account is based on the journal he kept during the war. Lots of interesting tid bits, both at a battle field level, and on a personal level.
Sorando, L. (n.d.) Primera Guerra Carlista (1833-1840) [Spanish].
Luis Sorando kindly sent me his 17 page article on the Carlist Flags during the first Carlist War. It is very good, but unfortunately I don't know where it was published, and also unfortunately my copy was his draft and lacked the graphics .
Speirs, E. M. (1983). Radical General: Sir George De Lacy Evans 1787 1870. Manchester University Press.
Windrow, M. (1981). Uniforms of the French Foreign Legion 1831-1981. Blandford: Poole.
I used this for details of French Foreign Legion Campaign dress in 1835.
Wise, T. (1978). Flags of the Napoleonic Wars (2): Austria, Britain, Prussian & Russia (Men-at-Arms 78). Osprey.
Wise, T. (1984). Flags of the Napoleonic Wars (3): Anhalt, Kleve-Berg, Brunswick, Denmark, Finland, Hanover, Hesse, The Netherlands, Mecklenburg, Nassau, Portugal, Reuss, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland & Westphalia (Men-at-Arms 115). Osprey.
Books I know about, but haven't seen
Adam, G. M. (1920). Spain: Events of the Critical Era to the close of the First Carlist War 1788-1840. [20 pages. Photocopies.]
Apalategui. P. F. (1940). Oriamendi. San Sebastian.
Aronson, Theo. (1966). Royal Vendetta: The Crown of Spain 1829-1965. London: Oldbourne.
Apparently a Carlist history.
Bacon, J. F. (1838). Six years in Biscay. London.
Badcott, Lt. Col. L. (1835). Rough leaves from a journal kept in Spain and Portugal during the years, 1832, 1833 and 1834. London.
Bolleart, W. (1870). The Wars of succession in Spain and Portugal. London.
Bueno Carrera, J. M. (1984). Tropas Carlistas 1833-1840. Malaga, Spain.
Bueno Carrera, J. M. (1985). La Infanteria y la Artilleria de Marina 1537-1931. Malaga.
Bueno Carrera, J. M. (1998). Soldados de Espana, El Unifome Militar Espanol desde Los Reyes Catolicos hasta Juan Carlos I. Madrid.
Bullón de Mendoza, Alfonso. (u/d). La Primera Guerra Carlista. Madrid, Spain: Editorial Actas.
Recommended to me by Luis Infante de Amorín.
Challice, R. (1909). The Secret History of the Court of Spain during the last century. London: John Long.
Coverdale, John F. (1984). The Basque Phase Of Spain's First Carlist War. Princeton University Press.
Humphrey, J. H. (1838). A concise review of the campaigns of the British Legion. London.
Written by an officer in the British Auxiliary Legion.
Evans, Sir George de Lacy (1840). Memoranda of the contest in Spain. London.
Written by the leader of the British Auxiliary Legion.
Ford, R. (1838). The unchangeable character of a war in Spain. London.
Fraser, E., and Carr-Laughton, L. G. (1930). The Royal Marine Artillery (vol. 1). London.
Fyfee, C. A. (1914). Carlist Revolt in Spain. National Alumni. 9 pages. Unbound Photocopies.
Henderson, R. (1866). The soldier of three queens: a narrative of personal adventure (vol. 1). London.
Memoirs of an officer in the 1st Lancers, British Auxiliary Legion.
Honan, M. B. (1836). The court and camp of Don Carlos. London.
James, R. (1997). Public Opinion and the British Legion in Spain 1835-1838. Ontario: Ouroborous Press.
Marshall-Cornwall, Sir J. (1976, Mar). British aid during the First Carlist War. History Today. London.
Milman, E. A. (1847). The Wayside Cross; or The Raid of Gomez: A tale of the Carlist War. London: John Murray.
John Milman brought this book to my attention; this is what he had to say about it ... "An ancestor of mine-Captain Edward Augustus Milman of the 33rd Regiment of Foot, published a book called 'The Wayside Cross; or The Raid of Gomez: A tale of the Carlist War' in 1847.(John Murray, London). A second edition came out in 1861. It is a wonderful melodrama of the period and is obtainable in the British Library and one or two others. It gives quite a feel of the people and the place. I am not sure of Edward's actual connections but he was based at Gibraltar during this period and clearly traveled in Spain."
National Army Museum (n.d.). British Auxiliary Legion general orders [MS. 6807-199].
Payne, S. (1975). Basque Nationalism.
Richard James says "An interesting book ".
Pocock, J. (1984). British intervention in the First Carlist War. Soldiers of the Queen, 39.
Polnay, P. de. (1962). A Queen of Spain: Isabel II. London: Hollis & Carter.
Roldán, Enrique . (u/d). Estado Mayor General carlista en las tres guerras del siglo XIX. Madrid, Spain: Editorial Actas.
Recommended to me by Luis Infante de Amorín.
Shaw, C. (1837). Personal memoirs and correspondence (2 vols). London.
Memoirs of an colonel of a regiment in the British Auxiliary Legion.
Shaw, C. (1839). A Short Statement of the Case of Claimants of the British Legion.
Richard James recommends.Richardson, J. (1839). Journal of the Movements of the British Legion.
Richard James recommends.
Thompson, C. (1836). Twelve Months in the British Legion
Richard James says " a nice, short diary of events".
Tulloch, Major-General Sir A.B. (1903). Recollections of forty years Service. Edinburgh: Blackwood.
The memoirs of a British chap who amongst other things was military attaché in Spain.
Unknown. (1986, Dec). Battle of Montejurra. Aportes, 4. Madrid, Spain: Editorial Actas.
Includes a wargame about the battle of Montejurra, Third Carlist War, 7-9 November 1873, in which the Carlist forces led by King Charles VII defeated the Liberal General Moriones.
"Volunteer". (1837). A Concise account of the British Auxiliary Legion. Scarborough.
Walton W. (1847). The Revolutions of Spain. London: George Routledge.
Recommended to me by Luis Infante de Amorín and Richard James.
Wargames: Soldados y Strategia (Soldiers and Strategy) [Spanish] .
A Spanish language Journal which contains some Carlist War material. I understand issues 9, 18, 19 and 20 have relevant articles.
Richard James also says
There are numerous newspapers of the period that reported the war, such as the Morning Chronicle. The Morning Post and Morning Herald were by and large against Evans' exploits; the (London) Times, somewhat neutral; some of them are at the Colindale newspaper library in London.