Military History |
Overview of the
South American Wars of Liberation
Posted 23 Jan 2008
During the period 1810 - 1824, the Spanish colonies were wracked by revolution. Argentina kicked off first (1810) and was independent by 1816. Chile followed suit (1810-1818), then Peru (1810-1824). By 1824 Mexico and all the South American Colonies were independent.
The Portuguese had their own problems and Brazil was independent by 1825.
Argentinean War of Independence
At the time Argentina was the main component of the Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata. This viceroyalty also included Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia (Upper or Alto Peru), portions of Brazil and southern Chile.
Chilean War of Independence
The Captaincy-General of Chile stretched covered only the central part of the modern country, from Antofagasta in the north to Chiloe Island in the south.
Peruvian War of Independence
As mentioned above, Upper Peru is modern Bolivia and was part of Rio de la Plata.
|1810-1823||Mexican War of Independence|
Columbian War of Independence
Note: Gran Columbia included modern Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela.
|1822-1825||Brazilian War of Independence|